Oral Pathology & Cancer

Oral Pathology

The mouth is normally lined with a smooth and coral pink colored skin (mucosa). Alterations in this appearance could be a warning sign for a pathological process such as oral cancer.


The following can be signs of the beginning of a pathologic process or cancerous growth:

  • Reddish patches (erythroplasia) or whitish patches (leukoplakia) in the mouth.
  • A sore that fails to heal and bleeds easily.
  • A lump or thickening on the skin lining on the inside of the mouth.
  • Chronic sore throat or hoarseness.
  • Difficulty in chewing or swallowing.

These changes can be detected on the lips, checks, palate, and gum tissue around the teeth, tongue, face and/or neck. Pain is not often associated with oral cancer, but patients with facial and/or oral pain without an obvious cause or reason may be at risk for oral cancer.

We recommend performing monthly oral cancer self-examinations and remember that your mouth is one of your body’s most important warning systems.